This module provides an extensive overview on the different forms of animal husbandry
systems in developing and transformation countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America,
ranging from camel nomadism in deserts to beef ranching and intensive dairying in
The system-specific strategies of livestock management are analysed in view of their
ecological and economic sustainability. The (potential) interactions of livestock with other
components of the farming system are explored, thereby differentiating between market
and subsistence oriented systems.
The role of additional factors influencing livestock production systems such as cultural,
social, economical and political frame conditions are discussed.
abiotic and biotic conditions of animal husbandry in the (sub-)Tropics; characteristics,
opportunities/constraints of pastoral, agro-pastoral, silvo-pastoral, aquatic, industrial
and urban systems; species-specific management and production (cattle, sheep, goat,
camel, yak, pig, poultry).
Learning outcome, core skills:
Students are able to:
understand the impact of the natural and economic environment on the evolution of
different types of husbandry systems as well as on their orientation and intensity of
gain understanding for parameters that have to be considered when aiming at the
improvement of livestock husbandry systems within a given framework;
individually analyse and present a specific tropical livestock production system.
Delgado, C., Rosegrant, M., Steinfeld, H., Ehui, S., Courbois, C. 1999: Livestock to 2020. The next food revolution. FAO Discussion Paper 28, FAO Rome, Italy; Devendra, C., Thomas, D., Jabbar, M.A. and Zerbini, E., 2000: Improvement of Livestock Production in Crop-Animal Systems in Agro-ecological Zones of South Asia. ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya; Falvey, L., Chantalakhana, C. (eds) 1999: Smallholder Dairying in the Tropics. ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya.